Agroforestry systems associated with natural regeneration: alternatives practiced by family-farmers of Tomé-Açu, Pará

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18472/SustDeb.v13n1.2022.40855

Keywords:

Species richness. Species diversity. Floristics. Amazon.

Abstract

The objective of this article was to analyze the benefits of Agroforestry Systems (AFSs) association with natural regeneration promoted by family farmers of Tomé-Açu, Pará, Brazil. Based on 46 previous interviews with family farmers, 12 of them were selected due to the presence of AFSs with different levels of tree species diversity, in which richness and diversity of tree species were taken into account. In addition, the measurement of the floristic variables was carried out. Results showed that 17% of the AFSs have natural regeneration corridors. This type of AFS has high species richness and diversity (Shannon-Weaner = 2.5), and its main characteristic is the presence of regeneration corridors of secondary forests. Therefore, farmers make production and forest regeneration compatible, and: a) maintain in their AFSs environmental services provided by regenerated secondary forests, b) ensure food security for their families, and c) they may have financial incomes from selling AFS products.

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Author Biographies

Mário Oliveira Neto, Master’s Degree in Family Farming and Sustainable Development, Federal University of Pará, Belém, PA, Brazil

I have a degree in Forest Engineering from the Federal Rural University of the Amazon, a master's degree in Family Agriculture and Sustainable Development from the Postgraduate Program in Amazon Agriculture at the Federal University of Pará. I have experience in the area of Non-Timber Forest Resources Management, Agroforestry Systems and Family Agriculture, with an emphasis on Interdisciplinarity and Conflict Resolution in Local Communities. I work mainly with: family farming, agroforestry systems, forest management, rural sociology and sustainable rural development.

Livia de Freitas Navegantes Alves, PhD in Agroecosystems, Full Professor, Amazon Institute of Family Agriculture Federal University of Pará, Belém, PA, Brazil

Agronomist from the Federal Rural University of the Amazon (1993), Master in Animal Science from the Federal University of Pará (1999) and PhD in Agroecosystems - SUPAGRO (Montpellier - France, 2011). Professor at the Federal University of Pará, since 2001, currently working at the Instituto Amazônico de Agricultura Familiares - INEAF, permanent professor at the Postgraduate Program in Amazonian Agriculture. Associate Researcher of the Strategic Monitoring of South-American Regional Transformation network. Experience in agronomy from a systemic perspective, working mainly on the following topics: agricultural practices, Amazonian production systems, Amazonian agroecosystems, family farming and sustainable development.

Gustavo Schwartz, PhD in Ecology and Forest Management, Researcher, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa), Belém, PA, Brazil

Degree in Biological Sciences from the Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM) in 1999, a Master's degree in Ecology from the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in 2001 and a PhD in Ecology and Forest Management from the Wageningen University (WUR) in the Netherlands in 2013. Researcher A at the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA), Eastern Amazon Unit in Belém (PA) and Permanent Professor at the Graduate Program in Forest Sciences at the Federal Rural University of Amazonia (UFRA), Belém Campus. Develops research in Ecology (Populations and Communities), Management, Forestry, Recovery and Conservation of Tropical Forests.

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Published

2022-04-29 — Updated on 2022-04-29

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How to Cite

Oliveira Neto, M., Alves, L. de F. N., & Schwartz, G. . (2022). Agroforestry systems associated with natural regeneration: alternatives practiced by family-farmers of Tomé-Açu, Pará. Sustainability in Debate, 13(1), 286. https://doi.org/10.18472/SustDeb.v13n1.2022.40855