Sustainability in Debate <p>The Sustainability in Debate (SiD) Journal aims to publish original texts based on interdisciplinary research and influencing studies conducted in sustainable development and sustainability policies globally.</p> <p> </p> Editora de Livros IABS en-US Sustainability in Debate 2177-7675 <p>SUSTAINABILITY IN DEBATE – Copyright Statement<br><br>The submission of original scientific work(s) by the authors, as the copyright holders of the text(s) sent to the journal, under the terms of Law 9.610/98, implies in the&nbsp;<strong>concession of copyrights of printed and/or digital publication to the Sustainability in Debate Journal of the article(s) approved for publication purposes</strong>, in a single issue of the journal. Furthermore, approved scientific work(s) will&nbsp;<strong>be released without any charge, or any kind of copyright reimbursement</strong>, through the journal’s website, for reading, printing and/or downloading of the text file, from the date of acceptance for publication purposes. Therefore, the authors, when submitting the article (s) to the journal, and gratuitous assignment of copyrights related to the submitted scientific work, are fully aware that&nbsp;<strong>they will not be remunerated for the publication of the article(s) in the journal</strong>.<br>The&nbsp;<strong>Sustainability in Debate</strong>&nbsp;Journal is licensed under&nbsp;<strong>Creative Commons License – Non-Commercial-No-Derivation Attribution (Derivative Work Ban) 3.0 Brazil</strong>, aiming at dissemination of scientific knowledge, as indicated on the journal's website, which allows the text to be shared, and be recognized in regards to its authorship and original publication in this journal.<br>Authors are allowed to sign additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the works published in the&nbsp;<strong>Sustainability in Debate</strong>&nbsp;Journal (for example, in a book chapter), provided that it is expressed the texts were originally published in this journal. Authors are allowed and encouraged to publish and distribute their text online, following publication in&nbsp;<strong>Sustainability in Debate</strong>&nbsp;(e.g. in institutional repositories or their personal pages). The authors expressly agree to the terms of this Copyright Statement, which will be applied following the submission and publishing by this journal.</p> <div class="separator">&nbsp;</div> Deforestation (lack of) control in the Brazilian Amazon: from strengthening to dismantling governmental authority (1999-2020) <p style="font-weight: 400;">The process of institutionalizing deforestation control policies in the Brazilian Amazon has gone backwards in recent years. This article analyzes the trajectory of these policies between 1999 and 2020, with the dual aims of understanding how and why the State's regulatory capacity has increased and explaining the dismantling of instruments and implementation capacity. This research is based on both qualitative and quantitative approaches, taking deforestation rates as a reference point and compiling the main forestry regulations at the national level in a timeline that covers the rise and fall of these policies. The conclusions show that between 1999 and 2012, the institutional trajectory of national policies and instruments on land use change followed a capacity-building pattern through the consolidation of policies and regulations. However, this pattern went into reverse from 2013 onwards. The period from 2019 has witnessed a process of active policy dismantling, culminating in a new surge in deforestation as well as a notable reduction in forest policy density, which has resulted in important land use changes that may cause irreversible damage to the rainforest and the ecological services it provides.</p> Igor Ferraz da Fonseca Diego Pereira Lindoso Marcel Bursztyn Copyright (c) 2022 Sustainability in Debate 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 13 2 12 31 10.18472/SustDeb.v13n2.2022.44532 The SDG and the perspective of education for sustainability in the PPC’s of undergraduate biology courses in the Amazon region of Pará <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The objective of this research was to identify the presence of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the Educational Programs (EPs) of undergraduate biology courses in the Amazon region of Pará, as well as to characterise the approach these documents take to education for sustainability. Both quantitative and qualitative document analyses were carried out, which identified that five of the 17 SDGs are present in all EPs, two were not found in any of them, and another three were present in 80% of the documents. Although they do not explicitly explore the SDGs and the concept of education for sustainability, some documents carry similarities with this perspective, as they point to the need for training professionals with socio-environmental responsibility. The research presents practical contributions, both from scientific and social points of view, which can be used in documents’ guidelines and necessary actions for executing undergraduate courses coherently with the principles of education for sustainability.</p> </div> </div> </div> Natanael Charles da Silva Magnólia Fernandes Florêncio de Araújo Copyright (c) 2022 Sustainability in Debate 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 13 2 32 66 10.18472/SustDeb.v13n2.2022.42251 Sustainable practices in cashew supply chains: a multi-case study in the scenario of small and medium-sized companies <p style="font-weight: 400;">This research analysed the motivation and difficulties behind adopting sustainable practices in small and medium-sized companies in the cashew industry supply chains (SMEs). The literature provides the main concepts of sustainable practices, motivation and difficulties in adopting practices in the context of SMEs. A multiple case study methodology was used. Two supply chains processing cashew nuts and cashew pulp in the state of Ceará were analysed. The implications of managing sustainability along the supply chain of SMEs, when they are still focal companies, lie in the fundamental importance of partnerships with research and business assistance organisations and the trust established with suppliers. To corroborate the research findings, the literature recognises that relationships are highly personal in SME supply chains.</p> Frediano da Silva Jales Daiane Mulling Neutzling Gustavo Picanço Dias Copyright (c) 2022 Sustainability in Debate 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 13 2 67 95 10.18472/SustDeb.v13n2.2022.43054 Impact of heat waves on cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and mortality in municipalities of Northeast Brazil <p>In recent years, a vast number of studies have been generated on the impacts caused by heat waves on the health of the population. This study analyzes how heat waves that occur between the months of October and March increase the risks of morbidity and mortality of the population of five northeastern municipalities: Belém de São Francisco, Floresta, Itacuruba, Jeremoabo, Paulo Afonso and Petrolândia. It is observed that the months of January, February and October are the ones that present the most cases of morbidity and mortality of the population and that the municipality of Belén do São Francisco presents the greatest probability of risk. A consistent positive signal was found between heat waves and cardiovascular hospitalization. We also observe an increase in temperatures in the region during the last 30 years, as evidence of a possible future risk.</p> Nelson Bernal Lara Schwarz Tarik Benmarhnia Saulo Rodrigues Filho Copyright (c) 2022 Sustainability in Debate 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 13 2 96 122 10.18472/SustDeb.v13n2.2022.4222 Whale watching in Brazil <p>This study aims to investigate whale-watching in Brazil, based on a survey of their areas of occurrence, key species and current rules and regulations. The methodology includes an extensive literature review on areas where cetaceans occur in Brazil, dolphin and whale-watching, legal instruments and codes of conduct for the planning of this activity. A search for reference areas for whale watching was carried out on the homepage of tour operators and agencies. Data collection took place through phone contact, e-mail and social networks of agencies and tour operators. In this study, seven key cetacean species for ecotourism were identified, 29 reference areas, with 79% included in Protected Areas. The results of this study will be able to support actions of monitoring and inspection of whale-watching, aiming at its management and the protection of these animals.</p> Rosany Rossi Pereira Gomes Vitor de Oliveira Lunardi Diana Gonçalves Lunardi Copyright (c) 2022 Sustainability in Debate 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 13 2 123 155 10.18472/SustDeb.v13n2.2022.43038 Energy communities in sustainable transitions - The South American Case <p>Energy communities (ECs) have become an attractive scholarly target in the last years since they promote more sustainable, democratic, and decentralized electrical systems. Thus, a new research line around the alignments established by the European Union (EU) has arisen. Nevertheless, Latin American initiatives and academic works still lack a standard distinctness, being widely spread, despite commonalities. This study examines regional projects from a critical perspective to fashion a novel framework around South American ECs' experiences. Literature indicates a variety of cases in the region, primarily off-grid isolated ventures that satisfy basic human needs, employing hydropower, solar, wind, biomass, and biogas technologies. Notably, Brazil indicates more profound advancements in on-grid ECs within urban settlements.</p> Axel Bastián Poque González José Eduardo Viglio Lúcia da Costa Ferreira Copyright (c) 2022 Sustainability in Debate 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 13 2 156 174 10.18472/SustDeb.v13n2.2022.41266 Anti-crisis strategy of state governance in the wartime: an example of Ukraine <p>Russian military invasion of Ukraine became yet another reminder to humanity about how fragile our world is and how it requires unity and partnership to confront global humanitarian challenges and to ensure goals of sustainable development.<br />The article analyzes the historical context of the establishment of Ukrainian statehood, provides situational assessment of the current state of economy and environmental hazards in Ukraine and investigates successful anti-crisis «success stories» of other countries. It is namely on this basis that a strategy of changing an existing system of state governance in Ukraine has been elaborated, taking into account the consequences of the war-induced socio-economic crisis. <br />As conceptual framework for this strategy, provisions of the sustainable development theory were utilized, regarded by the authors as the most implementable «survival guide» for contemporary world.</p> <p> </p> Elvira Sydorova Oleksandr Sydorov Olha Kakovkina Copyright (c) 2022 Sustainability in Debate 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 13 2 175 189 10.18472/SustDeb.v13n2.2022.44169 Zero Waste in apparel industry: limitations and alternatives <p>Zero Waste approach applied to garment manufacturing promises the elimination of textile waste in the production process, with actions towards sustainability. In this perspective, this article identifies critical aspects and limitations of the design and the pattern making process using Zero Waste approach, aiming its application in the garment industry, with large-scale production. The study initiates with zero waste bibliography research and theoretical and experimental analysis of the proposals of the fashion designers who use Zero Waste approach to garment design and pattern making. As results, the article presents critical aspects and limitations of the approach, and discuss viable alternatives for its implementation in the large-scale garment manufacturing process.</p> Isabel Cristina Italiano Lílian Sayuri Kauvauti João Paulo Pereira Marcicano Copyright (c) 2022 Sustainability in Debate 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 13 2 190 219 10.18472/SustDeb.v13n2.2022.40716 Science and Brazil's responsibility in the environmental crisis Carlos Hiroo Saito Marcel Bursztyn Gabriela Litre Patrícia Mesquita Copyright (c) 2022 Sustainability in Debate 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 13 2 6 11 10.18472/SustDeb.v13n2.2022.44785 SiD - Table of Contents / Sumário SiD - Sustainability in Debate Copyright (c) 2022 Sustainability in Debate 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 13 2