Closing the Matter and Energy Cycle in the Sugar/Alcohol Sector
Keywords:Industrial Symbiosis, Sugar and ethanol complex, Industrial Ecology, Closing Cycle
The sustainable development must be seen from the understanding of the multiple relation that
occurs between the natural environment and the other actors of the system. In agroindustrial
systems, this is a serious issue because of the close dependence between production processes
and natural elements. The objective of this paper is to organize, from other published studies,
the main energy and material flows already identified within the sugarcane sector. Then, it
present an overview of the degree of closing cycle regarding that sector. This work is an descriptive
research that uses secondary data and the results demonstrates: i) the high rates of reutilization
of bagasse of sugar cane and water allows the cogeneration of energy and the low capitation of
water from natural resources; ii) the possibility of treatment for by-products allows the
reutilization in other processes, as biodigestion and fertigation.
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