Climate change and Brazil’s coastal zone: socio-environmental vulnerabilities and action strategies

Autores

  • Paulo Horta Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil
  • Patrícia F. Pinho Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil
  • Lidiane Gouvea Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil
  • Guido Grimaldi Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil
  • Giovana Destri Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil
  • Carolina Melissa Mueller Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil
  • Lyllyan Rocha Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil
  • José Bonomi Barufi Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil
  • Leonardo Rorig Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil
  • Jorge Assis Universidade do Algarve, Portugal
  • Letícia Cotrim da Cunha Universidade Estatual do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Maracanã Campus, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18472/SustDeb.v11n3.2020.33845

Resumo

The coastal zone, where most of the Brazilian population lives, plays a central role for discussing vulnerability and adaptation strategies to climate change. Besides saltmarshes, mangroves and coral reefs, this region also presents seagrass beds, macroalgae and rhodolith beds, forming underwater forests, which are key habitats for services such as biodiversity conservation, O2 production, and absorption of part of the CO2 from the atmosphere. Science endorses that ocean warming and acidification, sea level rise, biological invasions and their interactions with pollution, overfishing, and other stressors undermine the structure and functioning of these ecosystems, thus increasing the region's socio-environmental vulnerability. Ecosystem conservation, management and potential bioremediation/restoration using science-based solutions must be prioritized in order to reduce the vulnerability of coastal communities and the ocean.

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Biografia do Autor

Paulo Horta, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Patrícia F. Pinho, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil

Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil

Lidiane Gouvea, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Guido Grimaldi, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Giovana Destri, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Carolina Melissa Mueller, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Lyllyan Rocha, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

José Bonomi Barufi, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Leonardo Rorig, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Jorge Assis, Universidade do Algarve, Portugal

Universidade do Algarve, Portugal

Letícia Cotrim da Cunha, Universidade Estatual do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Maracanã Campus, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

Universidade Estatual do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Maracanã Campus, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

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Publicado

2020-12-31

Como Citar

Horta, P., Pinho, P. F., Gouvea, L., Grimaldi, G. ., Destri, G., Mueller, C. M., Rocha, L., Barufi, J. B., Rorig, L., Assis, J., & Cotrim da Cunha, L. (2020). Climate change and Brazil’s coastal zone: socio-environmental vulnerabilities and action strategies. Sustentabilidade Em Debate, 11(3), 405 - 444. https://doi.org/10.18472/SustDeb.v11n3.2020.33845

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