Inculturation and environmental struggles: Catholic Church, public sphere and anthropocentric preservationism in Brazil

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4000/aa.11429

Palavras-chave:

igreja catolica, esfera publica, ecoteologia, ambientalismo, natureza, inculturação

Resumo

The article investigates the growing convergence between the Catholic Church and environmentalism in Brazil, aiming to demonstrate – through an anthropological reading of the Fraternity Campaigns that address sustainability and environmental crisis issues – how the national episcopate has been striving to reinvent the theology of inculturation as a system that incorporates, among other elements, the “natural world” as well. The hypothesis is suggested that the Church has been producing a symbolic narrative that articulates the fundamental elements of its theological conception of Creation with the set of social representations we know as ecology. This ecotheological narrative promotes a new perspective for interpreting biblical texts, seeking to recreate the relationships between Christianity and “nature” by projecting the origins of a certain Catholic environmental activism into a distant past. Despite being marked by anthropocentric categories, this new apostolic narrative seeks to assert, in favor of the Catholic Church and its pastoral work, a prominent position in the public sphere among the other relevant agents and institutions involved in present-day environmental struggles.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Marcos Pereira Rufino, Universidade Federal de São Paulo

PhD in Anthropology from the University of São Paulo and lecturer in Social Sciences at the Universidade Federal de São Paulo – UNIFESP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Referências

Azevedo, Marcello de Carvalho, S.J. 1982. “Inculturation and the challenges of modernity”. In Inculturation: Working papers on living faith and cultures. Rome: Centre “Cultures and Religions” – Pontifical Gregorian University.

Carvalho, Isabel Cristina Moura, and Carlos Alberto Steil. 2008. “The sacralization of nature and the ‘naturalization’ of the sacred: Theoretical contributions for the comprehension of the intercrossing between health, ecology and spirituality”. Ambiente & Sociedade 11, no. 2: 289–305.

Campolo, Tony. 1992. How to rescue the Earth without worshipping nature. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

Casanova, José. 1994. Public religion in the modern world. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Castells, Manuel. 1999. “O ‘verdejar’ do ser: O movimento ambientalista”. O poder da identidade, 141–68. São Paulo: Paz & Terra.

Clifford, Paula. 2010. “‘Where were you when I laid the foundation of the Earth?’ Climate change and a Theology of Development”. The Expository Times 121, no. 4: 176–9.

CNBB – Conferência Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil. 2007. Texto-base da Campanha da Fraternidade de 2007. Brasília: CNBB.

CNBB – Conferência Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil. 2011. Texto-base da Campanha da Fraternidade de 2011. Brasília: CNBB.

Coffman, Mike, and Brooks Alexander. 1992. “Eco-religion and cultural change”. Spiritual Counterfeits Project Journal 17, no. 3: 15–23.

Crollius, Ary Roest, S.J. 1984. “What is so new about inculturation”. In Inculturation: Working papers on living faith and cultures, edited by Ary A. Roest Crollius, S.J., 21–9. Rome, Centre “Cultures and Religions” – Pontifical Gregorian University.

Crollius, Ary Roest, S.J. 1986. “Inculturation from the Babel to Pentecost”. In Creative inculturation and the unity of faith, edited by Ary A. Roest Crollius, Paul Surlis, Thomas Langan, and Rodger Van Allen, 1–7. Rome, Centre “Cultures and Religions” – Pontifical Gregorian University.

Curry-Roper, Janel M. 1990. “Contemporary Christian eschatologies and their relationship to environmental stewardship”. Professional Geographer 42, 2: 157–69.

Effa, Allan. 2008. “The greening of mission”. International Bulletin of Missionary Research 32, no. 4: 171–6.

Fowler, Robert Booth. 1995. “The greening of protestantism”. The greening of protestantism. North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press.

Goldman, Ari. 1993. “Environmental movement gains interfaith allies". New York Times, 9 October.

Greeley, Andrew. 1993. “Religion and attitudes toward the environment”. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 32, no. 1: 19–28.

Guth, James L. et al. 1995. “Faith and the environment: Religious beliefs and attitudes on environmental policy”. American Journal of Political Science 39, no. 2: 364–82.

Habermas, Jünger. 2003 [1961]. Mudança estrutural na esfera pública. Rio de Janeiro: Tempo Brasileiro.

Hand, Carl, and Kent Van Liere. 1984. “Religion, mastery-over-nature, mental concern”. Social Forces 63: 555–70.

Kuper, Adam. 2005. The invention of primitive society: Transformations of a myth. Oxon: Routledge.

Libanio, João Batista. 2004. “Campanha da Fraternidade: Água, fonte de vida”. Convergência: Revista Mensal da Conferencia dos Religiosos do Brasil 39, no. 369: 16–28.

Wallace, Mark I. 2010. Green Christianity: Five ways to a sustainable future. Minneapolis: Fortress.

Maurer, Eugenio, S.J. 1982. “Inculturation or transculturation among the Indians”. In Effective inculturation and ethnic identity, edited by Arij Roest Crollius, 99–127. Rome: Centre “Cultures and Religions” – Pontifical Gregorian University.

Minteer, Ben A., and Robert E. Manning. 2005. “An appraisal of the critique of anthropocentrism and three lesser known themes in Lynn White’s ‘The historical roots of our ecologic crisis’”. Organization & Environment 18, no. 2: 163–76.

Montero, Paula, ed. 1996. Entre o mito e a história: O V Centenário do Descobrimento da América. Petrópolis: Vozes.

Montero, Paula. 2006. “Religião, pluralismo e esfera pública no Brasil”. Novos Estudos Cebrap, no. 74: 47–65.

Montero, Paula. 2009. “Secularização e espaço público: A reinvenção do pluralismo religioso no Brasil”. Etnográfica 13, no. 1: 7–16.

Murphy, Charles. 1989. At home on Earth: Foundations for a catholic ethic of the environment. New York: Crossroads.

Nkéramihigo, Théoneste, S.J. 1984. “On Inculturation of Christianity”. In What is so new about inculturation, edited by Ary A. Roest Crollius e Théoneste Nkéramihigo, 21–9. Rome: Centre “Cultures and Religions” – Pontifical Gregorian University.

Nkéramihigo, Théoneste, S.J. 1986. “Inculturation and the specificity of Christian faith”. In Inculturation – Its Meaning and Urgency. Nairobi: Saint Paul Publication.

Pádua, José A. 1997. “Natureza e projeto nacional: Nascimento do ambientalismo brasileiro (1820-1920)”. In Ambientalismo no Brasil: Passado, presente e futuro, edited by E. Svirsky e J. P. Capobianco. São Paulo: Instituto Socioambiental – ISA/SMA.

Ribeiro Neto, Francisco Borba. 2014. “Água, organização social e subjetividade: Reflexões sobre a contribuição da Igreja ao manejo dos recursos hídricos”. http://www.pucsp.br /fecultura/textos/tecnologia/2_agua.html

Rufino, Marcos Pereira. 2002. “Ide, portanto, mas em silêncio: Faces de um indigenismo missionário católico heterodoxo”. PhD thesis, Universidade de São Paulo.

Rufino, Marcos Pereira. 2006. “O código da cultura – O Cimi no debate da inculturação”. In Deus na Aldeia: Missionários, índios e mediação cultural, edited by Paula Monteiro, 235–75. São Paulo: Globo.

Rufino, Marcos Pereira. 2013. Águas da discórdia: A transposição das águas do Rio São Francisco e as mudanças de curso da missão indigenista católica. Revista de Antropologia 56, no. 1: 15–44.

Todorov, Tzvetan. 1983. A conquista da América – A questão do outro. São Paulo: Martins Fontes.

Scherer, Dom Odilo Pedro. 2007. Carta de apresentação da CF-2007. Brasília: CNBB.

Serbin, Kenneth P. 2007. “CF 2007 – Um documento que recupera o ativismo do catolicismo libertário”. O Estado de S. Paulo [Caderno Aliás], 25/02/2007.

Sider, Ronald. 1993. “Redeeming the environmentalists”. Christianity Today 37, no. 7: 26–9.

Shaiko, Ronald G. 1987. “Religion, politics and environmental concern: A powerful mix of passions”. Social Science Quarterly 68, no. 2: 244–62.

Steinfels, Peter. 1992. “Of the new catholic catechism”. New York Times, 9 November.

Suess, Paulo. 1989. A causa indígena na caminhada e a proposta do Cimi: 1972-1989. Petrópolis: Vozes.

Suess, Paulo. 1995. “A disputa pela inculturação”. In Teologia da inculturação e inculturação da teologia, edited by Márcio Fabri dos Anjos, 113–32. Petrópolis: Vozes.

Downloads

Publicado

2023-12-27

Como Citar

Rufino, Marcos Pereira. 2023. “Inculturation and Environmental Struggles: Catholic Church, Public Sphere and Anthropocentric Preservationism in Brazil”. Anuário Antropológico 48 (3):54-70. https://doi.org/10.4000/aa.11429.

Artigos Semelhantes

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 6 > >> 

Você também pode iniciar uma pesquisa avançada por similaridade para este artigo.