Conceitos de Cultura na Sociologia da Punição

Autores

  • David Garland New York University

Palavras-chave:

cultural, cultura, compreensão, explicação, significado, punição, sociologia

Resumo

O autor analisa as diferentes maneiras pelas quais o conceito de “cultura” é atualmente empregado na sociologia da punição. Utilizando-se de uma distinção primeiro empregada por W. H. Sewell Jr., distingue dois usos do conceito – cultura como uma dimensão analítica de relações sociais (“o cultural”) e cultura como uma entidade coletiva (“uma cultura”). As características e problemas envolvidos nesses dois usos são discutidos e diversas soluções pragmáticas são propostas. O autor defende que narrativas analíticas do “cultural” devem ser tomadas como abstrações artificiais (embora necessárias). A etnografia descritiva, a análise de discurso e a explicação textual devem ser vistas como componentes de compreensão histórica ou sociológica, não como substitutos de uma análise compreensiva. O autor defende a integração da análise cultural em seu projeto de compreensão de uma sociologia da punição multidimensional.

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Biografia do Autor

David Garland, New York University

David Garland é Professor Titular da cadeira Arthur T. Vanderbilt da Faculdade de Direito e Professor de Sociologia da New York University. É autor de diversos livros na sociologia da punição e do controle, incluindo Punishment and Welfare: A History of Penal Strategies, que acaba de ser relançado pela Quid Pro Books. Esse artigo se iniciou como uma apresentação para uma conferência sobre “Discursos e Práticas de Crime e Punição: a questão do incrustamento e viagens culturais”, organizada por Dario Melossi, Máximo Sozzo e Richard Sparks em Oñati, Espanha, em 2003. O autor é grato aos organizadores e participantes da conferência e também à Lynn Chancer e outros dois revisores anônimos por seus comentários e críticas. 

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Publicado

13.08.2021

Como Citar

GARLAND, D. Conceitos de Cultura na Sociologia da Punição. Revista Latino-Americana de Criminologia, [S. l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 293–328, 2021. Disponível em: https://periodicos.unb.br/index.php/relac/article/view/37023. Acesso em: 16 out. 2021.