A Personalidade na Tomada de Decisão com o Iowa Gambling Task

Uma Revisão Integrativa

  • Rui Paixão Centro de Estudos Sociais (Laboratório Associado da Universidade de Coimbra) Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra, Rua do Colégio Novo, Coimbra, Portugal, Código postal: 3001-802
  • Graça Areias Unidade de Desabituação de Coimbra, Administração Regional de Saúde do Centro
Palavras-chave: Tomada de decisão, Comportamento de risco, Personalidade, Impulsividade, Personalidade antissocial

Resumo

Iowa GamblingTask (IGT) apesar de amplamente utilizado na avaliação da tomada de decisão sobre incerteza, apresenta uma grande variabilidade no desempenho nos grupos experimentais e de controlo. Pretende-se com este trabalho proceder a uma revisão da literatura que relaciona a personalidade com o desempenho no IGT, de modo a clarificar o papel dessa variável na variância observada nessa tarefa. As conclusões evidenciam, como variáveis associadas frequentemente com o mau desempenho no IGT, a dimensão neuroticismo, a impulsividade e no que respeita à psicopatia e dependência de substâncias o fator associado à antissociabilidade. Finalmente, à luz destes resultados, são sugeridas algumas orientações para a pesquisa na área.

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Biografia do Autor

Rui Paixão, Centro de Estudos Sociais (Laboratório Associado da Universidade de Coimbra) Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra, Rua do Colégio Novo, Coimbra, Portugal, Código postal: 3001-802

Doutorado em Psicologia Clínica. Professor Associado na Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra e Investigador do Centro de Estudos Sociais (Laboratório Associado da Universidade de Coimbra). Nos últimos dois anos publicou trabalhos nas revistas internacionais “European Psychologist”, “International Journal of Psychoanalysis”, “The Spanish Journal of Psychology”; e nas revistas de língua portuguesa“Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa”; “Psiquiatria Clínica” e “Interações”.

As áreas de interesse científico são a tomada de decisão, a psicopatia, a dependência de substâncias e a violência doméstica.

Graça Areias, Unidade de Desabituação de Coimbra, Administração Regional de Saúde do Centro

Psicóloga Clínica na Unidade de Desabituação de Coimbra, Administração Regional de Saúde do Centro

Doutorada em Psicologia Clínica pela Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra

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Publicado
2017-08-29
Como Citar
Paixão, R., & Areias, G. (2017). A Personalidade na Tomada de Decisão com o Iowa Gambling Task. Psicologia: Teoria E Pesquisa, 33(1). Recuperado de http://periodicos.unb.br/index.php/revistaptp/article/view/19497
Seção
Revisão da Literatura