Presuppositions and ethical implications of the dialectical metaphysics in Plato’s Seventh Letter

  • Luiz Rohden Professor e pesquisador do PPG Filosofia Unisinos - Mestrado/Doutorado Universidade do Vale do Rio do Sinos

Abstract

Assuming that Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics has incorporated several aspects of Plato’s philosophy, we aim to challenge some ethical presuppositions of dialectical metaphysics. For this reason, we have chosen Plato’s Seventh Letter because it reveals a clear interconnection between dialectical metaphysics and ethics. We will try to show how the Platonic dialectical metaphysics consists in the upward and downward movement of the principles; the first theoretical and practical exercise paves metaphysics, and the second practical and theoretical exercise establishes ethics. In Gadamer’s discourse, this is shown in the dialogical way of proceeding of philosophical hermeneutics which consists in the permanent intersection between the path of the word itself to the concept and vice versa. These indications are traces of a conception of metaphysics distinct from the one that has been explored by the contemporary philosophical tradition in general. Firstly, in order to establish the theoretical grounds of my argument, I will mention some of the ethical presuppositions of dialectical metaphysics and, secondly, we will demonstrate that the methodology peculiar to dialectical metaphysics is an ethical exercise.

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Author Biography

Luiz Rohden, Professor e pesquisador do PPG Filosofia Unisinos - Mestrado/Doutorado Universidade do Vale do Rio do Sinos

Possui graduação em Filosofia Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)/ Faculdade Jesuíta de Filosofia e Teologia (1990), mestrado em Filosofia pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (1994), doutorado em Filosofia pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (2000) [doutorado Sanduíche pela Universidade de Heidelberg], pós-doutorado em Filosofia pelo Boston College - EUA (2006; pós-doutorado em Filosofia pela Penn State University - EUA (2015). Atualmente é Professor Titular I da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos e Bolsista PQ2 do CNPQ. Tem experiência na área de Filosofia, com ênfase em Hermenêutica, Fenomenologia, Metafísica, Ontologia, Filosofia Prática, Filosofia Antiga, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: hermenêutica filosófica, linguagem, jogo, dialética, filosofia da arte.

Published
2016-04-29
How to Cite
RohdenL. (2016). Presuppositions and ethical implications of the dialectical metaphysics in Plato’s Seventh Letter. Archai: The Origins of Western Thought, (17), 13. https://doi.org/10.14195/1984-249X_17_1