Epistemerastes. The Platonic Philosopher in the Timaeus between True Opinion and Science

Authors

  • Federico Casella University of Salerno – Fisciano – SA – Italy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14195/1984-249X_31_20

Keywords:

Plato, Timaeus, Epistemology, Philosophy of Nature

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyse the ways in which the nature of true philosophers is described in Plato’s Timaeus. Byexamining the distinction between two kinds of opinion – one (produced by sensation) absolutely false, the other (developed through one of the soul’s rational faculties) reliably true – I will try to show that Plato coined a new term to denote both true philosophers and the characteristics of their knowledge. From being a ‘love of wisdom’, true philosophy came to be defined as a ‘passion for science’. Finally, I will try to illustrate the protreptic intent underlying this choice of words and how it concerns the main critical target of the Timaeus, the so-called Presocratics.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

ANDERSON, M. (2010). Speaking the Truth in Plato’s Republic Ancient Philosophy 30, n. 2, p. 247-260.

BASTIT, M. (2003). Du démiurge au premier moteur. Essai autour du démiurge platonicien. Methexis 16, p. 23-42.

BETEGH, G. (2018). Cosmic and Divine Cognition in the Timaeus, in SISKO, J. (ed.). Philosophy of Mind in Antiquity: The History of the Philosophy of Mind, vol. I. London, Taylor & Francis, p. 120-140.

BRISSON, L. (1997). Plato’s Theory of Sense Perception in the Timaeus How It Works and What It Means. Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 13, p. 149-184.

BRISSON, L. (1998). Le même et l’autre dans la structure ontologique du Timée de Platon. Un commentaire systématique du Timée de Platon. Sankt Augustin, Akademia, p. 340-352.

BRISSON, L. (2012). Why Is the Timaeus Called an eikôs muthos and an eikôs logos?, in COLLOBERT, C., DESTRÉE, P., GONZALEZ, F. J. (eds.). Plato and Myth. Studies on the Use and Status of Platonic Myths Leiden-Boston, Brill, p. 369-391.

CARONE, G. R. (2005). Plato’s Cosmology and Its Ethical Dimensions, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

CARPENTER, A. D. (2008). Embodying Intelligence. Animals and Us in Plato’s Timaeus, in DILLON, J., ZOVKO, J. (eds.). Platonism and Forms of Intelligence Berlin, De Gruyter, p. 39-57.

CASERTANO, G. (2003). Cause e concause, in NATALI, C., MASO, S. (eds.). Plato Physicus. Cosmologia e antropologia nel ‘Timeo’ Amsterdam, Hakkert, pp. 33-63.

FERRARI, F. (2003). Causa paradigmatica e causa efficiente: il ruolo delle idee nel Timeo, in NATALI, C, MASO, S. (eds.). Plato Physicus. Cosmologia e antropologia nel ‘Timeo’ Amsterdam, Hakkert , p. 83-96.

FINK, F. (2007). Platons Begrundung der Seele im absoluten Denken Berlin-New York, De Gruyter.

FRONTEROTTA, F. (2014). Modello, copia, ricettacolo: monismo, dualismo o triade dei principi nel Timeo?. Methexis 27, p. 95-120.

GILL, M. L., (2016). Plato’s Unfinished Trilogy: Timaeus-Critias-Hermocrates, in CORNELLI, G. (ed.). Plato’s Styles and Characters: Between Literature and Philosophy Berlin, De Gruyter , p. 33-45.

GOWER, O. S. L. (2008). Why Is There an Autobiography in the Phaedo?. Ancient Philosophy 28, n. 2, p. 329-346.

GRONROSS, G. (2013). Two Kinds of Belief in Plato. Journal of the History of Philosophy 51, n. 1, p. 1-19.

JOHANSEN, T. K. (2008). Plato’s Natural Philosophy. A Study of the Timaeus-Critias Cambridge, Cambridge University Press .

JOHANSEN, T. K. (2014). Why the Cosmos Needs a Craftsman: Plato, Timaeus 27d5-29b1. Phronesis 59, n. 4, p. 297-320.

LAFRANCE, Y. (1981). La théorie platonicienne de la Doxa Montreal-Paris, Bellarmin-Les Belles Lettres.

MIGLIORI, M. (2012). Il Filebo e il Timeo come esempio del progetto educativo di Platone, scrittore di filosofia, in BRUCHMÜLLER, U. (ed.). Platons Hermeneutik und Prinzipiendenken im Licht der dialoge und der antiken Tradition. Festschrift für Thomas Alexander Szlezák zum 70. Geburstag Hildesheim-Zürich-New York, Olms, pp. 121-181.

MILLER, D. R. (2003). The Third Kind in Plato’s Timaeus. Göttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

MILLER, M. (2003). The Timaeus and the “Longer Way”. Godly Method and the Constitution of Elements and Animals, in REYDAMS-SCHILS, G. J. (ed.). Plato’s Timaeus as Cultural Icon Notre Dame, University of Notre Dame Press, p. 17-59.

PENDER, E. E. (2000). Plato’s Moving Logos Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 45, p. 75-107.

ROBINSON, T. M. (1979). The Argument of “Tim.” 27d ff. Phronesis 24, n. 1, p. 105-109.

ROSSETTI, L. (2006). Il proemio del Timeo Una strategia comunicazionale molto protetta, in SANTINI, C., ZURLI, L., CARDINALI, L. (eds.). Concentus ex Dissonis. Scritti in onore di Aldo Setaioli, Napoli, Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, p. 593-608.

ROWE, C. (1997). Why is the Ideal Athens of the Timaeus-Critias not Ruled by Philosophers?. Methexis 10, p. 51-57.

ROWE, C. (2004). The Case of the Missing Philosophers in Plato’s Timaeus-Critias Würzburger Jahrbücher für die Altertumswissenschaft 28, p. 57-70.

SCHOFIELD, M. (1999). The disappearing philosopher-king, in SCHOFIELD, M. (ed). Saving the City. Philosophers-kings and other classical paradigms London, Routledge, p. 31-50.

SEDLEY, D. (2019). The Timaeus as a Vehicle for Platonic Doctrine. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 56, p. 45-72.

TRABATTONI, F. (2016). Essays on Plato’s Epistemology Leuven, Leuven University Press.

Downloads

Published

2021-12-17

How to Cite

Casella, F. (2021). Epistemerastes. The Platonic Philosopher in the Timaeus between True Opinion and Science. Revista Archai, (31). https://doi.org/10.14195/1984-249X_31_20

Issue

Section

Articles