Equality in Online Education during COVID-19

Challenging the Educational Needs of Ethnic Minority Students in Vietnam





Equality, Online Education, Covid 19, Students, Vietnam


[Purpose] This study analyzes the inequalities of ethnic minority children to adapt to online education. This is also a challenge to the whole education system in Vietnam before the 4th COVID-19 outbreak is considered to have a serious impact on the economy and society of Vietnam.

[Methodology/Approach/Design] A case study is conducted in a cross-sectional form with 50 high school students and 10 teachers of the boarding ethnic minority school in Nam Pu district, Dien Bien province of Vietnam. Questions were conducted for students, teachers, and school administrators.

[Findings] The lack of WiFi catchers such as laptops, tablets, and smartphones along with poor infrastructure are the main factors affecting the effectiveness of online learning.

[Practical Implications] Equality in education is the sustainable development goal adopted by the United Nations in 2015. Geographical differences and economic conditions are factors that directly impact the effectiveness of students' online learning in the context of COVID-19 19. The Government of Vietnam should have an effective financial policy to provide connectivity for poor students, reducing the gap in access to general education services for online classes that are ethnic minorities.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Nguyen Duc Huu, Viet Nam Trade Union University

Specialization: Sociology and Social Work. He is a lecturer at the Faculty of Social Work, Vietnam Trade Union University. E-mail: huund@dhcd.edu.vn.

Le Van Tan, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences

Specialization: Indigenous Culture. He is an associate professor at the Vietnam Trade Union University. E-mail: tanlv@dhcd.edu.vn.

Phan Thi Luyen, Hanoi Law University

Specialization: Sociology and Law. She is a lecturer at Hanoi Law University. E-mail: phanluyen@hlu.edu.vn.


Akers, A., Blough, C., Cureus, M. I.-, & 2020, undefined. (n.d.). COVID-19 implications on clinical clerkships and the residency application process for medical students. Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov. Retrieved September 24, 2021, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243841/

Asanov, I., Flores, F., McKenzie, D., … M. M.-W., & 2021, undefined. (n.d.). Remote-learning, time-use, and mental health of Ecuadorian high-school students during the COVID-19 quarantine. Elsevier. Retrieved September 24, 2021, from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X20303521

Asia, X. N. of language education policy in, & 2019, undefined. (n.d.). Language education policy in Vietnam. Taylorfrancis.Com. Retrieved September 24, 2021, from https://www.taylorfrancis.com/chapters/edit/10.4324/9781315666235-13/language-education-policy-vietnam-xuan-nhat-chi-mai-nguyen-van-huy-nguyen

Azcona, G., Bhatt, A., Encarnacion, J., & Plazaola-Castaño, J. (2020). From insights to action: Gender equality in the wake of COVID-19. https://www.tandis.odihr.pl/handle/20.500.12389/22632

Bozkurt, A., Jung, I., Xiao, J., Education, V. V.-… of D., & 2020, undefined. (n.d.). A global outlook to the interruption of education due to COVID-19 pandemic: Navigating in a time of uncertainty and crisis. Asianjde.Com, 15(1), 2020. Retrieved September 24, 2021, from http://www.asianjde.com/ojs/index.php/AsianJDE/article/view/462

DeJaeghere, J., Wu, X., & Vu, L. (2015). Ethnicity and education in China and Vietnam: discursive formations of inequality. Compare, 45(1), 118–140. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2013.841034

Diplomat, K. L.-T., & 2020, undefined. (n.d.). How COVID-19 worsens gender inequality in Nepal. Researchgate.Net. Retrieved September 24, 2021, from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Luna-Kc/publication/343240648_How_COVID-19_Worsens_Gender_Inequality_in_Nepal/links/5f1f4aba92851cd5fa4e1297/How-COVID-19-Worsens-Gender-Inequality-in-Nepal.pdf




How to Cite

DUC HUU, N.; VAN TAN, L.; THI LUYEN, P. Equality in Online Education during COVID-19: Challenging the Educational Needs of Ethnic Minority Students in Vietnam. Law, State and Telecommunications Review, [S. l.], v. 14, n. 1, p. 31–51, 2022. DOI: 10.26512/lstr.v14i1.40032. Disponível em: https://periodicos.unb.br/index.php/RDET/article/view/40032. Acesso em: 11 aug. 2022.