Paper or graphite dragon? the modernization of China's defense industry between dependence and autonomy

Keywords: China, Military modernization, Defense industry, Indigenous innovation, Force planning, Logistics

Abstract

The 2006’s Chinese Defense White Paper settled goals for military modernization that would consolidate a force planning strategy aiming long-term results that could make it possible to win local wars under informationized conditions. The combination of policies of dual-use civil-military technology, catch up and absorption of foreign knowledge through joint ventures, China intends to overcome an imitation-based regime and to consolidate a defense industry with indigenous innovation. The paper analyzes how this strategy would reformulate logistic aspects of the Chinese military and promote the development of the fifth largest military industry in the world.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Victor Carneiro Corrêa Vieira, Escola de Comando e Estado Maior do Exército

Escola de Comando e Estado Maior do Exército, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Militares, Rio de Janeiro – Brazil


References

Bitzinger, Richard A. “Civil Military Integration and Chinese Military Modernization.” Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies 3, no. 9 (2004): 1-4.

____.; Raska, Michael. “Capacity for Innovation: Technological drivers of China’s Future Military Modernization.” In The Chinese People’s Liberation Army in 2025, editado por Roy Kamphausen e David Lai, 129-161. Carlisle: United States Army War College Press, 2015.

Blasko, Dennis J. The Chinese Army Today: Tradition and Transformation for the 21st Century. Londres: Routledge, 2012.

Chan, Stanley. “Fresh Perspectives on East Asia’s Future: The American Military Capability Gap.” Orbis, 41, no. 3 (1997): 385-400.

Cheung, Tai M. Fortifying China: the struggle to build a modern defense economy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2008.

____. “The Chinese Defense Economy’s Long March from Imitation to Innovation.” Journal of Strategic Studies, 34, no. 3 (2011): 325-354.

____. “Innovation in China’s Defense Technology Base: Foreign Technology and Military Capabilities.” Journal of Strategic Studies, 39, no. 5-6 (2016): 728-761.

Christensen, Thomas J. The China Challenge: Shaping the Choices of a Rising Power. E-book. Nova Iorque: W. W. Norton & Company, 2015.

Clausewitz, Carl v. On War. Nova Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1989.

DD. Annual Report to Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2016. 26 abr. 2016. Disponível em: <https://www.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/2016%20China%20Military%20Power%20Report.pdf>.

Huang, Alexander C. “Transformation and refinement of Chinese military doctrine: reflection and critique on the PLA’s view.” In: Seeking truth from facts: a retrospective on Chinese military

studies in the post-Mao era, editado por James C. Mulvenon e Andrew N. D. Yang, 131-140. Santa Monica: Rand, 2001.

IISS. Military Balance 2007. Londres: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.

____. Military Balance 2016. Londres: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2016.

Jomoini, Antoine H. The Art of War. E-book, 1862.

Kress, Moshe. Operational logistics: the art and science of sustaining military operations. Nova Iorque: Springer Science+Business Media, 2012.

Markowski, Stefan; Hall, Peter; and Wylie, Robert. “Introduction.” In Defense Procurement and Industry Policy: A small country perspective, editado por Stefan Markowski, Peter Hall e Robert Wylie, 1-8. Nova Iorque: Routledge, 2010.

Ministério da Defesa Nacional da RPC. China’s National Defense in 2006. Pequim, 2006. Disponível em: <http://www.china.org.cn/english/features/book/194421.htm>.

_____. China’s National Defense in 2008. Pequim, 20 jan. 2009. Disponível em: <http://www.china.org.cn/government/whitepaper/node_7060059.htm>.

____. China’s National Defense in 2010. Pequim, 31 mar. 2011. Disponível em: <http://www.china.org.cn/government/whitepaper/2011-03/31/content_22263774.htm>.

____. The Diversified Employment of China’s Armed Forces. Pequim, 16 abr. 2013. Disponível em: <http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-04/16/c_132312681.htm>.

____. China’s Military Strategy. Pequim, 26 mai. 2015. Disponível em: <http://eng.mod.gov.cn/DefenseNews/2015-05/26/content_4586748.htm>.

Owens, Mackubin T. “Force Planning: The Crossroads of Strategy and the Political Process.” Orbis, 59, no. 3 (2015): 411-437.

Perlmutter, Amos and LEOGRANDE, William. M. “The Party in Uniform: Toward a Theory of Civil-Military Relations in Communist Political Systems.” The American Political Science Review, 76, no. 4 (1982): 778-789.

Rutner, Stephen M.; Aviles, Maria and Cox, Scott. “Logistics evolution: a comparison of military and commercial logistics thought.” The International Journal of Logistics Management, 23, no. 1

(2012): 96-118.

Shichor, Yitzhak. “Military-Civilian Integration in China: Legacy and Policy.” In Civil-Military Relations, Nation-Building, and National Identity, editado por Constantine P. Danopoulos, Dhirendra Vajpeyi e Amir Bar-or, 83-105. Londres: Praeger Publishers, 2004.

SIPRI. Military Expenditure Database. 2016. Disponível em: <https://www.sipri.org/databases/milex>.

_____. SIPRI Arms Transfers Database. Acessado em 9 jun. 2017. Disponível em: <https://www.sipri.org/databases/armstransfers>.

The World Bank. World Bank national accounts data. 2017. Disponível em: <http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG?locations=CN>.

Trebat, Nicholas M.; Medeiros, Carlos A. “Modernização militar no processo técnico e na inovação industrial chinesa.” In: China em transformação: dimensões econômicas e geopolíticas do desenvolvimento, organizado por Marcos Antonio Macedo Cintra, Edison Benedito da Silva Filho, Eduardo Costa Pinto, 521-550. Rio de Janeiro: Ipea, 2015.

Tzu, Sun. The Art of War. Pax Librorum Publishing House, 2009.

Yoho, Keenan D.; Rietjens, Sebastiaan; Tatham, Peter. “Defence logistics: an important research field in need of researchers.” International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 43, no. 2 (2012): 80-96.

Zang, Xiaowei. Elite dualism and leadership selection in China. Londres: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.

Published
2018-04-25
How to Cite
Vieira, Victor. 2018. “Paper or Graphite Dragon? The Modernization of China’s Defense Industry Between Dependence and Autonomy”. Meridiano 47 - Journal of Global Studies 19 (April). http://periodicos.unb.br/ojs311/index.php/MED/article/view/8190.
Section
Articles