Ecology of Children’s Career Development: A Review of the Literature

Maria do Ceu Taveira, Íris Martins Oliveira, Alexandra Mendes Araújo

Resumo


ABSTRACT - Previous efforts to elaborate an organizing framework for the study of children’s career development identified its main dimensions and processes. However, the existing literature on children’s ecological subsystems is scarce. This article presents a literature review of the context of children’s career development. Based on Bronfenbrenner’s theory, 36 eligible articles covered the following subjects: the microsystems family and school; the mesosystems family-school/peer-school relations and antecedents of transitions; the exosystems parents’ work situation, social class, curriculum and teachers’ professional
development; the macrosystems ethnicity and culture; and the chronosystems passage of time over the life-course and across
generations. An ecological perspective can be included in an organizing framework of children’s careers and support further research and intervention. Empirical and practical implications are discussed.


Keywords: career development, children, bioecological model Previous efforts to elaborate an organizing framework for the study of children’s career development identified its main dimensions and processes. However, the existing literature lacks attention to children’s ecological subsystems. This article presents a literature review of the contexts of children’s career development. Based on Bronfenbrenner’s theory, 36 eligible articles covered: the microsystems family and school; the mesosystems family-school/peer-school relations and antecedents of transitions; the exosystems parents’ work situation, social class, curriculum and teachers’ professional development; the macrosystems ethnicity and culture; and the chronosystems passage of time over the life-course and across generations. An ecological perspective can be included in an organizing framework of children’s careers and support further research and intervention. Empirical and practical implications are discussed.


Palavras-chave


Career development; children; ecology

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Direitos autorais 2017 Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa

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