Prematuridade, Funções Executivas e Qualidade dos Cuidados Parentais

Revisão Sistemática de Literatura

  • Patrícia von Doellinger Universidade do Minho
  • Isabel Soares Universidade do Minho
  • Adriana Sampaio Universidade do Minho
  • Ana Mesquita Universidade do Minho
  • Joana Baptista Universidade do Minho
Palavras-chave: Nascimento prematuro, Função executiva, Práticas de criação infantil, Relações pais-criança, Córtex pré-frontal

Resumo

Este artigo de revisão visa contextualizar o desenvolvimento das funções executivas (FE) em crianças prematuras, com especial atenção para o efeito dos cuidados parentais. Pesquisou-se nas principais bases de dados eletrónicas e foram identificados 30 estudos originais, 2 meta-análises e 1 artigo de revisão. Concluiu-se que as crianças prematuras têm maior risco de disfunção executiva global, diretamente proporcional à sua prematuridade, sendo a qualidade da parentalidade fundamental para a modulação das FE, nomeadamente no que concerne às variáveis socioemocionais da interação, como a sensibilidade materna. Na revisão salientam-se ainda as principais limitações dos estudos analisados e apontam-se recomendações para futura investigação sobre os efeitos dos cuidados parentais no desenvolvimento de FE em crianças prematuras.

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Biografia do Autor

Isabel Soares, Universidade do Minho

Presidente da Escola de Psicologia da Universidade do Minho

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Publicado
2017-08-29
Como Citar
von Doellinger, P., Soares, I., Sampaio, A., Mesquita, A., & Baptista, J. (2017). Prematuridade, Funções Executivas e Qualidade dos Cuidados Parentais. Psicologia: Teoria E Pesquisa, 33(1). Recuperado de http://periodicos.unb.br/index.php/revistaptp/article/view/19498
Seção
Revisão da Literatura