Radiação de Corpo Negro e os Primórdios da Física Quântica

Antony M. M. Polito

Resumo


1. Introdução – As Duas Nuvens Negras de Lord Kelvin.

2. Os problemas do Princípio de Equipartição.

3. Leis: Kirchhoff, Stefan-Boltzmann, Wien e Rayleigh-Jeans.

4. Rayleigh e Planck: a relação entre distribuição de energia da radiação e energia média por grau de liberdade.

5. Salvando os fenômenos: a Fórmula de Planck.

6. A “reconciliação” de Planck com Boltzmann.


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Referências


Kirchhoff, G. (1859). On the connection between emission and absorption of light and heat, Berlin Monatsberichte, pp. 783–787.

Klein, M. J. (1967). The beginnings of the quantum theory, in History of Twentieth Century Physics: 57th Varenna International School of Physics, ‘Enrico Fermi’, ed. Weiner, C., volume 57, pp. 1–39. New York and London: Academic Press.

Longair, M. S. Theoretical Concepts in Physics. Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Longair, M. S. Quantum Concepts in Physics. Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Planck, M. (1900). On an improvement ofWien’s spectral distribution, Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 2, 202–204. Also published in Planck’s collected papers: Physikalische Abhandlungen und Vortrage, 1, pp. 687–689, Braunschweig: Friedr.Vieweg und Sohn. English Translation: Planck’s Original Papers in Quantum Physics, (1972), annotated by H. Kangro, pp. 38–45. London: Taylor and Francis.

Planck, M. (1900). Zur Theorie des Gesetzes der Energieverteilung im Normalspektrum, Verhandlun- gen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 2, 237–245. Also published in Planck’s collected papers: Physikalische Abhandlungen und Vortrage, 1, pp. 698–706, Braunschweig: Friedr.Vieweg und Sohn. English translation: Hermann, A. (1971). The Genesis of Quantum Theory (1899–1913), p. 10. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Planck, M. (1910). Letter to W. Nernst of 11 July 1910, in Black-Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity 1894–1912, ed. Kuhn, T., p. 230. Oxford: Clarendon Press (1978).

Planck, M. (1925). A Survey of Physics. London: Methuen and Company.

Planck, M. (1950). Scientific Autobiography and Other Papers. London: Williams and Norgate.

Polito, A.M.M. (2016) A Construção da Estrutura Conceitual da Física Clássica. São Paulo: Livraria da Física.

Rayleigh, J. W. (1900). Remarks upon the law of complete radiation, Philosophical Magazine, 49, 539–540. Rayleigh’s paper is also contained in Scientific Papers by John William Strutt, Baron Rayleigh, 1892–1901. Vol. 4. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rayleigh, J. W. (1902). Scientific Papers by John William Strutt, Baron Rayleigh, 1892–1901, Vol. 4. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wien, W. (1894). Temperatur und Entropie der Strahlung, Annalen der Physik, 52, 132–165.

Wien,W. (1896). Uber die Energieverteilung imEmissionspektrumeines scharzenKorpers, Annalen der Physik, 58, 662–669.


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