Requisitos e critérios para projetos habitacionais: em busca de um desempenho ampliado

Maria Luiza Almeida Cunha de Castro, Rejane Magiag Loura

Resumo


Resumo

No Brasil, a entrada em vigor da norma NBR 15575, em 2013, traz garantias para a qualidade de edificações habitacionais ao estabelecer requisitos e critérios ligados, principalmente, às propriedades físicas de seus sistemas tecnológicos. Entretanto, a norma define unicamente um desempenho mínimo e de escopo limitado, que não contempla questões cruciais de uma forma mais abrangente - como a importância da interação entre a concepção do projeto e a escolha dos sistemas tecnológicos, a avaliação das respostas humanas ou a contribuição das escolhas para a sustentabilidade ou o desenvolvimento. Este artigo tem como objetivo colocar em pauta a necessidade de articulação dos projetistas, construtores, fornecedores e outros agentes tais como instituições e organismos reguladores em torno desta questão: a organização desta discussão trará subsídios para um aprendizado conjunto sobre os requisitos/atributos importantes a serem priorizados nas tomadas de decisão de projeto, no que diz respeito à busca de desempenho na habitação multifamiliar.

Palavras-Chave: habitação multifamiliar; análise de desempenho; análise multicritério; sustentabilidade; controle de qualidade.

Abstract

Effective in Brazil since 2013, ABNT Standard 15575 brings guarantees to the quality of multifamily housing, as it establishes requirements and criteria related primarily to the physical properties of the building’s technological systems. However, the standard defines only minimum requirements and a performance of limited scope, which does not address crucial issues in a more comprehensive way – such as importance of the interaction between the conception of the project and the choice of technological systems, the assessment of human responses or the contribution to various aspects of sustainability or to development. This paper seeks to highlight the need of coordinating architects, builders, suppliers and other agents such as institutions and regulatory agencies involved in the construction industry around this issue: the organization of this discussion will bring subsidies for a learning process concerning requirements/attributes to be prioritized in decision-making, allowing for a performance improvement in multifamily housing.

Key-Words: multifamily housing, performance analysis; Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis; sustainability; quality control.


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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18830/issn.1679-0944.n19.2017.09

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Direitos autorais 2017 Maria Luiza Almeida Cunha de Castro, REJANE MAGIAG LOURA

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