The pre-history of the significance of ousia

An analysis of the heideggerian interpretation of ousia as presentness (Anwesenheit)

Keywords: οὐσία (ousia), pre-philosophical comprehension, presentness (Anwesenheit), Heidegger

Abstract

How did the Greeks understand the significance of οὐσία before it became an expression dominated by the platonic and aristotelic thought? Is Heidegger correct to interpret this pre-philosophical comprehension as constant presentness (ständige Anwesenheit) or is such interpretation a characteristic distortion from the German thinker? Through the establishment of etymological and philological criteria and of the philosophical use of the word οὐσία, it is aimed not only to clarify its daily use, that means, pre-philosophical, but also to prove the heideggerian interpretation. From the undertaken examination it resulted that the pre-philosophical comprehension of οὐσία carries the meanings of “ownership”, “goods”, “residence”, “fortune”. However, the undertaken examination also demonstrated that it is only possible as such and in coherence to the philosophical use of the term if such a daily comprehension is already orientated from a pre-comprehension of οὐσία as constant presentness. The reached conclusion is that the heideggerian interpretation under no circumstances constitutes a misrepresentation or distortion of the analysed term, but an authentic immersion in the Greek language and, above all, a legitimate appropriation of the Greek thought and vocabulary.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ANGIONI, L. (2009). Aristóteles. Física I-II. Campinas, Editora Unicamp.
CAMPBELL, L. (1896). Sophocles. The Seven Plays in English Verse. London, J. Murray.
CAMPOS, J. A. S. (2008). Séneca. Cartas a Lucílio. Lisboa, Calouste Gulbekian.
CUECA, L. A. de (1979). Eurípides. Tragédias III. Madrid, Gredos.
DONATO, J. V. (2004). Sófocles. Tragédias completas. Madrid, Catedra.
EASTERLING, P. E. (1992). Sophocles. Trachiniae. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
EASTERLING, P. E.; KNOX, B. M. W. (1989). The Cambridge History of Classical Literature. Drama. Vol. I. 2. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
HEIDEGGER, M. (1978). Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Logik im Ausgang von Leibniz. Frankfurt am Main, Vittorio Klostermann.
HEIDEGGER, M. (2002a). Grundbegriffe der aristotelischen Philosophie. Gesamtausgabe Band 18. Frankfurt am Main, Vittorio Klostermann.
HEIDEGGER, M. (2002b). Ser e Tempo. Vol. I. Petrópolis, Vozes.
HEIDEGGER, M. (2012). A essência da Liberdade Humana: Introdução à filosofia. Rio de Janeiro, Via Verita.
HOEY, T. F. (1979). The Date of the Trachiniae. Phoenix 33, n. 3, p. 210-232.
HOUT, M. P. J. (1999). A Comentary on the Letters of M. Cornelius Fronto. Leiden, Brill.
IGLESIAS, M. (2005). Platão. Eutidemo. São Paulo, Loyola.
JEBB, R. C. (1992). Commentary on Sophocles. In: Sófocles. Trachiniae. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
KENNEDY, G. A. (2008). The Art of Rethoric in the Roman World. Eugene, Wipf & Stock.
LATHAM, R. E. (1965). Revised Medieval Latin Word-List. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
LOYD-JONES, H. (1994). Sophocles. Antigone, The Women of Trachis, Philoctetes, Oedipus at Colonus. Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
MARTÍNEZ, J. L. C. (2000). Eurípides. Tragédias II. Madrid, Gredos.
MASQUERAY, P. (1924). Sophocles. Les Trachiniennes, Philoctète, Oedipe a Colone, Les Limiers. Tome II. Paris, Les Belles Lettres.
OLIVEIRA, F. R. de (2009). Sófocles. As Traquínias. Campinas, Editora da Unicamp.
SOUZA, J. C.; PALEIKAT, J.; COSTA, J. C. (1972). Platão. Diálogos. Banquete. Fédon. Sofista. Político. Os Pensadores. São Paulo, Abril Cultural.
SCHRADER, C. (1979). Heródoto. História. Libros I-II. Madrid, Gredos.
STROUX, J. (1936). Zu Quintilian. Philologus 91, p. 222-237.
VIEIRA, T. (2014a). Sófocles. As Traquínias. São Paulo, Editora 34.
VIEIRA, T. (2014b). Eurípides. Héracles. São Paulo, Editora 34.
WHITMAN, C. (1966). Sophocles. Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
YEBRA, V. G. (1998). Aristóteles. Metafisica. Madrid, Editorial Gredos.
Published
2018-12-10
How to Cite
Cruz, E. (2018). The pre-history of the significance of ousia. Archai: The Origins of Western Thought, (25), e02504. https://doi.org/10.14195/1984-249X-25-4